Hybrid, Native and Web Mobile Apps
Hello readers! I can understand that you want to clear the most usable term in programming field, native and hybrid. There are two types of apps, code and software, native or hybrid. Studyrightnow will explain everything about native and hybrid.
What is Native Application
Native in the field of programming is something that is designed to work with a particular system or platform to perform some specific task, so you can say that system is its native environment.
You can built a Native application, using software development tools (SDK) for a certain software framework, hardware platform or operating system. Like Android app built using Java Development Kit on Java platform, iOS app built using iOS SDK, Swift and Objective C. Similarly, .NET required for Windows platform.
Maximum most popular mobile apps in the world like Pokemon Go
, and Twitter
, are fully native apps.
Wikipedia defines "native" as follows:
"In computing, software or data formats that are native to a system are those that the system supports with minimal computational overhead and additional components."
The native database provides native connections to many databases and DBMS (Database Management Systems) by using its own interface DLL to communicate with a specified database.
Native code is the set of code of a specific programming language that is compiled to run with a particular processor and its set of instructions.
What is Hybrid Application
A hybrid application is one which combines elements of both native and a web view to run a Web applications, using a native app wrapper that can communicate with the native device platform and the web view. This means web applications can run on a mobile device and have access to the device, such as the camera or GPS features.
Hybrid apps is distributed through the app stores just like a native app, and they can incorporate operating system features. Like a web app, hybrid apps can also use cross-compatible web technologies.
Key differences between native and hybrids mobile apps
Device Access: Device accessability For instance, camera, GPS, calendar and microphone, is the same for both type.
Performance: It is High in performance because as we explained above that Native apps get designed or developed for some specific operating systems to perform a particular task. It is Medium in performance.
Development Cost Very high due to resources like Mac for iOS Cost is not so high.
Development Time It takes more time. It takes less time.
Offline mode Supported. The most important feature of native apps is that these apps also work without an Internet connection. Not Supported
Speed Very Fast Good
Cross Platform Support No Yes
UI/UX Great because the native apps follow the specific UX/UI standards for creating Android or iOS applications Sothat user can interact or understand eaisily with the app. Moderate
Security High. Before all the apps get approved to be featured in the stores, they are fully tested and reviewed by the app store approval team. This provides a certificate of reliability and assurance. Low
Code Portability Low High
Complexity More complex to code Less complex to code
Graphics Better graphics Lesser graphics than native apps
Portability Harder to port to other systems Easier to port to other systems
Integration The camera, address book, geolocation, and other features native to the device can be seamlessly integrated into native apps. Some device features may be harder to integrate into hybrid apps.
Gesture Support Yes Yes
Which one should we choose for app development?
It is necessary to understand the needs of our business for which we are going to make an app because each has its own strength and weakness. One organization can use Hybrid apps because of cost savings because of minimum resource and its compatibility with more technologies and platforms.
On the other hand, if we choose native apps, then native apps completely satisfy the users in terms of performance and seamless use of the platform's built-in functions, highly user interface design, best performance and access to the native APIs. But you need separate developers one for Android and second one for iOS app.
We explained above all the pros and cons of native and hybrid mobile apps. But we tried to explain more factors about that how to choose the termology between native and hybrid app before you are making your mind to build an app.
Keep in mind about your business needs
For startup companies there is a terminology that is called "Minimum Viable Product (MVP)" is a concept to start our own business product by less learning of new product development. Eric Ries, defined an MVP as that version of a new product which allows a team to collect the maximum amount of validated learning about customers with the least effort., this is called an MVP, or minimum viable product.
We explain with an example here; studyrightnow is a company which provides free tutorials and blogs for reading to any member so we will choose Hybrid apps for studyrightnow according our less business needs.
User Experience (UX) is the main thing and the first priority not only for app but for all kind of websites i.e the overall experience, user has when using your product app or website in terms of understanding and easy usability.
If user experience is bad or not so good then it will iffected badly in terms of trafic or the chances of uninstallation your app will be increased. so you need to invest in UI to increse UX.
Time, Resources And Cost
How much does it cost for building a hybrid or native app?
As you can assume yourself that cost for making iOS and Android app will be so high compared to hybrid apps because if you go with native app then you need to find good resources for android app and ios app like good developers separate for android and iOS, Mac for iOS apps.
But on the other side if you choose hybrid app then you can decrease the cost for developing the app because one person i.e a good developer can do code for developing app on a single codebase which will run like native app on both plateform android and iOS.
The principle advantage of hybrid apps comes from the fact that you are saving the stress of building multiple apps by building one app which will work slightly like two separate apps for two different plateform. Hybrid apps require less maintenance as compared to native apps, flexible, easier to transform into another platform. It can be developed quickly, without much efforts in a short period.
Native apps are the best in the case of overall performance compared to Web and Hybrid apps.
Since hybrid apps are basically just web views so if your app is for defining something i.e studyrightnow to show the tutorials and blogs for reading to users and doesn’t have impressive graphics, a hybrid app will be a very good option for you. However, building a game or an app with lots of animation would not be a good move with a hybrid app.
Now you can make a decision yourself between The Native And Hybrid app after reading above key benefits of building a native app and hybrid app.
Suppose you have an idea to make an app and your just want to put something usable into user's hands as quickly as possible. You are short on resources like we explained above separate developers for android and iOS, but you need to create a simple version that will provide good understanding to users with your product.
If you choose hybrid application then you can add a completely new feature anytime that dramatically changes the user experience, the user does not need to update the app again from the app store. Means user can see the updates instantly after uploading.
In contrast, for native applications the user needs to update the app from app store to see the changes. For most users who set up auto-updates when their phones are on wi-fi this is acceptable, but it doesn’t work for everyone. . It attracts unnecessary negative attention to the app which could cause the user to simply uninstall it because nobody wants to update their app every month or so. Hybrid apps have access to a device's internal APIs and device hardware.
In 2015 Facebook launched an open-source framework called React Native, which lets you build real, native iOS and Android apps with one codebase.